HARLINGTON UPPER SCHOOL

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    Science

    The Department has 11 science labs each well equipped to allow all types of Biology, Chemistry and Physics practical work to be completed. The science department has three technical staff that support all of the practical work in science.

    Our vision

    To promote high achievement in science through enjoyment, challenge and quality teaching

    Year 9

    In the first half term in science students follow a programme of study which allows them to develop/enhance the practical, mathematical and analytical skills started in middle school. Students will also have the opportunity to focus upon key topics which will be required for successful progression through the GCSE course.

    Year 10 and 11

    Students are offered the choice of studying Combined Science or Triple Science. The triple Science option allows students to study all three separate Science subjects and achieve a full GCSE grade for each one. Combined Science is worth two GCSE grades and combines the separate sciences into one qualification.

    Course

    GCSE Combined Science

    Exam Board/Syllabus

    OCR Gateway J250

    Grade Equivalences

    2 Tiers of entry: Higher (Grade 9 to 4)

                                 Foundation (Grade 5 to 1)

    Hours Taught (per cycle)

    10 hours

    Assessment Route

    There will be one examination series available each year in May/June.

    All examined papers must be taken in the same examination series at the end of the course.

    GCSE Combined Science covers aspects of Biology, Chemistry and Physics relevant in everyday life. Practical skills are embedded within the different topics covered with opportunities to carry out practical activities to enhance experience and understanding of science theory and skills.

     

    The course is studied during both Year 10 and 11 with examinations at the end of Year 11. Leading into these exams students will be entered for either Foundation or Higher tier papers based on their performance in assessments completed throughout the course.

     

    If students achieve good grades in the Combined Science qualification, they will be eligible to study A-Levels in Biology, Chemistry or Physics at sixth form. It is important to note that we would recommend that students wishing to study A-levels in Biology, Chemistry or Physics choose Triple Science as the courses cover a more extensive range of subject matter and are an appropriate course for students who are aiming to study sciences at A-Level. 

    Course

    GCSE Triple Science

    Exam Board/Syllabus

    OCR Gateway Biology A J247

    OCR Gateway Chemistry A J248

    OCR Gateway Physics A J249

    Grade Equivalences

    3 separate GCSEs in Biology, Chemistry and Physics each with 2 tiers of entry:  Higher (9 to 4) and Foundation (5 to 1)

    Hours Taught (per cycle)

    Triple Science is taught as an option and will therefore be allocated 15 hours per cycle.

    Assessment Route

    There will be one examination series available each year in May/June.

    All examined papers must be taken in the same examination series at the end of the course.

    Biology

    GCSE Biology will enable students to develop their curiosity about the living world and provide insight into and experience of how science works. They will engage in everyday biology ranging from the global challenges of feeding the world through genetic engineering, to performing dissections helping them to understand the detail of human biology.

    Chemistry

    Chemistry enables students to investigate the properties and reactions of a range of elements within the periodic table. Students will have opportunities to grow crystals, investigate polymers and even manufacture a simple fertiliser. 

    Physics

    Physics builds mathematical and experimental models of how the universe works including matter and forces, particles and energy, astronomy, waves and electricity.  It is an important foundation for many careers including professional sciences and engineering.

     

    Due to the extensive nature of the content covered, students will have to be committed and dedicated to this challenging course. The Triple Science course is available only as an option and students wishing to follow this must choose it as one of their options. Sufficient time has been allocated in the curriculum to allow students to fully develop scientific understanding and application.

    Year 12 and Year 13

    Course

    GCE A Level Biology

    Exam Board/Syllabus

    OCR – H421

    Grades

    A*-E

    Course Entry Requirements

    In Addition To The School Sixth Form Entry Requirements

    GCSE Grade 5 in Mathematics and GCSE Grade 55 in Combined Science/GCSE Grade 5 in Biology

     

    Assessment Route

    There are three papers taken for A Level in the summer of 2019:

    Biological Processes

    Biological Diversity

    Unified Biology

    Practical skills will be examined within the written papers and by the successful completion of practical’s that cover a range of skills. This practical endorsement is recorded separately, as a pass or fail.

     

    Biology as a subject has great relevance to us all; it investigates many aspects that have direct bearing in our daily lives, topics such as human physiology, health and disease, inheritance, and environmental issues. Indeed biological research is breaking new ground at an ever increasing pace, particularly in the fields of genetic engineering and biotechnology, making Biology more exciting than ever and opening new opportunities for careers in these and other related areas.

    Modules:

    Development of practical skills

    Foundations in Biology

    Exchange and Transport

    Biodiversity, evolution and disease

    Communications, homeostasis and energy

    Genetics, evolution and ecosystems

    Learning strategies:

    Decision making, role plays and data analysis.

    Laboratory work and fieldwork.

    Homework including examination questions and research.

    Self-study using school resources.

    Presentation assignments (individual and group) including use of ICT.

    Actively engaged in enquiry into problems, issues and questions.

    Group discussions.

    Out of School visits and lectures.

    Self-Study: Throughout the two years students are expected to carry out self-study activities during study periods to support their studies. This is vital to success in Biology.

    Course

    GCE A Level Chemistry

    Exam Board/Syllabus

    OCR – H434

    Grades

    A*-E

    Course Entry Requirements

    In Addition To The School Sixth Form Entry Requirements

    GCSE Grade 5 in Mathematics and GCSE Grade 55 in Combined Science/GCSE Grade 5 in Chemistry

    (Students achieving a grade 7 in GCSE Mathematics and/or taking A-Level Mathematics will find the course easier due to its numerical content, but a 5 grade is the required minimum).

    Assessment Route

                                                                                                       

    Paper 1: Period Table, Elements & Physical Chemistry

    Paper 2: Synthesis & Analytical Techniques

    Paper 3: Unified Chemistry

    Practical skills will be examined within the written papers and by the successful completion of set practical work (marks from the practicals will not count towards the final grade). Practical activities will be formally monitored and successful completion of a full practical profile will lead to an Endorsement of Practical Skills (certificate).

     

    Chemistry is a subject that has global impact. As a fundamental science it has a profound effect on our planet and is involved in nearly every facet of everyday life. Almost every new technological change and important discovery has its foundation in chemistry.  A qualification in Chemistry allows access to many career pathways, including research, medicine, dentistry, forensic science, food technology, polymer science and public health analysis. Chemical research is breaking new ground at an ever increasing pace, particularly in the fields of environmental science and nanotechnology, making Chemistry more exciting than ever and opening new opportunities for careers in these and other related areas.

    Modules:

    Development of Practical skills

    Core Principles: Atoms, compounds, molecules and equations; Amount of substance;      Acid–base and redox reactions; Electrons, bonding and structure.

    Periodic table and energy: The Periodic table and periodicity; Group 2 and the halogens; Qualitative analysis; Enthalpy changes; Reaction rates and equilibrium (qualitative).

    Core Organic Chemistry: Basic concepts; Hydrocarbons; Alcohols and haloalkanes; Organic synthesis; Analytical techniques (IR and MS).

    Physical Chemistry and Transition elements: Reaction rates and equilibrium (quantitative); pH and buffers; Enthalpy, entropy and free energy; Redox and electrode potentials; Transition elements.

    Organic Chemistry and analysis: Aromatic compounds; Carbonyl compounds; Carboxylic acids and esters; Nitrogen compounds; Polymers; Organic synthesis; Chromatography and spectroscopy (NMR).

    Learning strategies:

    Actively engaged in enquiry into problems, issues and questions

    Laboratory work during lessons plus additional whole day practical workshops at the end of Year 12

    Group discussions

    Homework including examination questions and research

    Self-study using school resources

    Presentation assignments (individual and group) including use of ICT

    Attendance of weekly after school chemistry sessions

    Out of School visits and lectures

    Opportunities for high achieving students to take part in the Chemistry Olympiad

    Course

    GCE A Level Physics

    Exam Board/Syllabus

    OCR – H558

    Grades

    A*-E

    Course Entry Requirements

    In Addition To The School Sixth Form Entry Requirements

    GCSE Grade 5 in Mathematics and GCSE Grade 55 in Combines Science/GCSE Grade 5 in Physics.

    (Students achieving a grade 7 in GCSE Mathematics and/or taking A-Level Mathematics will find the course easier due to its numerical content, but a 5 grade is the required minimum).

     

    Assessment Route

    Assessment:

    A Level:

    Paper 1 (135 minute exam) 100 marks 37% of final grade

    Modelling physics:

    Multiple choice,  15 marks

    Structured questions, covering theory and practical skills, 85 marks

    Paper 2 (135 minute exam) 100 marks 37% of final grade

    Exploring physics:

    Multiple choice 15 marks

    Structured questions, covering theory and practical skills. 85 marks.

    Paper 3 (90 minute exam) 70 marks 26% of final grade

    Unified physics:

    Structured questions and extended response questions covering theory and practical skills.

     

    40% of A level assessment requires mathematics at or above level 2.  Where new mathematical techniques are required beyond top grade GCSE, this will be taught as part of the course.

    Finally practical skills are also assessed for the full A level qualification. This is done by a pass/fail non-exam assessment which is reported separately. This consists of a teacher assessed practical profile developed throughout the course. Candidates complete a minimum of 12 practical activities to demonstrate practical competence. Performance is reported separately from the A Level grade.

     

    Physics has been at the heart of some of the most important technological advances in our society – the development of computers and digital communications for example. It is also concerned with answering the big questions in life – where do we come from, how did the universe begin? Physics is the subject that fits between Mathematics and Science so if you like Maths you’ll enjoy Physics too. The major topics studied include Motion, Car Safety, Electricity, Waves, Energy, Radioactivity, Gravity, Oscillations, Quantum Physics and Astronomy.

    Modules:

    Development of practical skills. This includes skills of planning, implementing, analysis and evaluation

    Foundations of physics. This includes physical quantities and units, scalars and vectors & measurements.

    Forces and motion. This includes motion, forces in action, work, energy and power, materials, Newton’s laws of motion and momentum.

    Electrons, waves, and photons. This includes: charge and current, energy, power and resistance, electrical circuits, waves & quantum physics.

    Newtonian world and astrophysics. This includes thermal physics, circular motion, oscillations, gravitational fields & astrophysics.

    Particles and medical physics. This includes capacitors, electric fields, electromagnetism, nuclear and particle physics & medical imaging.

    Learning strategies:

    Decision making, role plays and data analysis

    Laboratory work

    Homework including examination questions and research

    Self-study using school resources

    Presentation assignments (individual and group) including use of ICT

    Active engagement in enquiry into problems, issues and questions

    Group discussions

    Out of School visits and lectures

    Work for lessons and other activities is posted on the school’s VLE for students

    In September we visit the Physics At Work exhibition at the Cavendish Laboratories at the University of Cambridge and in the spring of the A2 year we visit CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research in Switzerland which supports the work we do on particle physics. Also, the University of Cambridge Physics Centre hosts evening lectures every month from October to March for students of A level physics. These aim to use the students’ existing knowledge to stretch and challenge their understanding. Last year’s topics included Space, Dark matter, Large Hadron Collider, Engineering, Energy Mathematics and the Element Polonium 210. We also visit the yearly Science Live: A-Level Physics events in London.

    Students are expected to carry out self-study activities during study periods to support their studies. These activities will be actively monitored in school

     

    Course

    BTEC Applied Science Level 3 National Extended Certificate

     

    Exam Board/Syllabus

    Edexcel

     

    Grades

    A*-E

     

    Course Entry Requirements

    In Addition To The School Sixth Form Entry Requirements

    6 GCSE’s at grade 4

    It is recommended that students taking this course have a GCSE Grade '5’ in combined science or higher.

     

    Assessment Route

    See below

     

     

    This course is for students who are interested in learning about the sector alongside other fields of study, with a view to progressing to a wide range of higher education courses, not necessarily in applied science.

     

    Mandatory Modules:

    Principles and Application of Science 1

    Practical Scientific Procedures and Techniques

    Science Investigation Skills

    Optional Modules

    Assessment:

    Unit title

    Guided learning hours

    Assessment type

    Assessment length

    1.Principles and Application of Science

    90

    Externally set and marked written exam

    90 minutes

    2.Practical Scientific Procedures and Techniques

    90

    Internally assessed summative assignments

     

    3.Science Investigation Skills

    120

    Externally set and marked written task

    90 minutes

    4.Optional Modules

    60

    Internally assessed summative assignments

     

    Learning strategies:

    Extended research and writing

    Laboratory work and fieldwork

    Designing, carrying out and evaluating practical investigations

    Homework           

    Self-study using school resources

    Using ICT to present reports and analyse data

    Group discussions

    Out of school visits and lectures (where available)

    Exam revision and preparation

    Active engagement in enquiry into problems, issues and questions